| 18 Jul 2023



1. Main Sources and abbreviations


Antiquaries’ Journal

Arch. Cant.

Archaeologia Cantiana                                  


Anglo-Saxon England


Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology & History


Mededelingen van de Koninklijke Academie voor Wetenschappen, Letteren en Schone Kunsten van België


Journal of English and Germanic Philology


Journal of Indo-European Studies

Med. Arch.

Medieval Archaeology


North West European Language Evolution


Publications of the Modern Language Association


Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde


Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association


Almond, T.L., The Whitby Life of St. Gregory, in Downside Review 23 (NS 4) (1904) pp.15-29


Anderson, J.G.C. (ed.) Tacitus – Germania, London, 1997


Baedae, Opera Historica, Ecclesiastic History of the English Nation, ed. by King, J.E., Cambridge, 1962


Barlow, F., (ed.), The life of King Edward who rests at Westminster, Oxford Medieval Texts, 1992


Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, ed. and trans. Colgrave B. and Mynors, R. A. B., Oxford, 1969 (HE)


Morris, J., (ed) British history; and the Welsh annals, History from the Sources, 8, London and Chichester, 1980


Canu Taliesin, ed. Williams, I., Cardiff, 1960


Chronicle of the Princes, in Archaeologia Cambrensis, vol.X, third series, London, 1864, pp. 1-143


Clancy, J. P. , Earliest Welsh Poetry,  London & New York, 1970


Culhwch and Olwen: An Edition and Study of the Oldest Arthurian Text, ed. Bromich, R., Simon Evans, D., Cardiff, 1992


Cunedda, Cynan, Cadwallon, Cynddylan, Four Welsh Poems and Britain 383-655, ed. Koch J. T., Aberystwyth, 2013


Du Cange, C., Glossarium mediae et infimae Latinitatis, II Tomi, Niort, 1883


Geoffrey of Monmouth, Historia Regum Britanniae, a Variant Version Edited from Manuscripts, ed.by J. Hammer, Mediaeval Academy of America, 57 Cambridge, 1951


Geoffrey of Monmouth, The History of the Kings of Britain, ed. and trans. Thorpe, L. Harmonds-worth,1968


Geoffrey of Monmouth, The History of the Kings of Britain, ed. and trans. Thompson, A., Cambridge-Ontario, 1999 


The Historia Regum Britannie of Geoffrey of Monmouth_III. A Summary Catalogue of the Manuscripts, ed. Crick, J.C., Cambridge, Brewer, 1989


The Four Ancient Books of Wales, volumes I-II, ed. Skene, W.F., Edinburgh, 1868


Opus novum. Gildas Britannus monachus, cui sapientis cognomentum est inditum, «De calamitate, excidio et conquestu Britanniae», quam Angliam nunc uocant, author uetustus a multis desyderatus et nuper in gratiam d. Cuthberti Tonstalli Lond. episcopi formulis excusus, [Londini], 1525


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Gildas, The Ruin of Britain and other works, ed. Winterbottom, M., London & Chichester, 1978


Giles, J.A., The works of Gildas and Nennius, translated from Latin, and with the former translations carefully compared and corrected, London, 1841


Gough- Cooper, H.W. (ed.), Annales Cambriae, the A text, from British Library, Harley MS 3859, ff. 190r–193r, Welsh Chronicle research Group, 2015


Gough- Cooper, H.W. (ed.), Annales Cambriae, the B text, from London, National Archives, MS E164/1, pp. 2–26, Welsh Chronicle research Group, 2015


Gough- Cooper, H.W. (ed.), Annales Cambriae, the C text, from London, British Library, Cotton MS, Domitian A, i., ff. 138r-155r, Welsh Chronicle research Group, 2015


Gough- Cooper, H.W. (ed.), Annales Cambriae, the D text, from Exeter Cathedral MS 3514, pp. 523-28, Welsh Chronicle research Group, 2015


Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, translated with an introduction of Lewis Thorpe, London, 1974


Y Gododin, a poem on the battle of Cattraeth by Aneurin, a Welsh Bard of sixth century, with an English translation and numerous historical and critical annotations, by Williams, J.A., London, 1852


The Gododdin of Aneirin: Text and Context from Dark Age North Britain, ed. Koch, J., Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1997




Klaeber, Fr., Boewulf and the fight at Finnsburg, 4th edition, Boston-Chicago-New York, 2014


Nennius, History of the Britons (Historia Brittonum), translated by Giles J.A., Ontario, 2000


Notitia Dignitatum, accedunt Notitia Urbis Constantinopolitanae et laterculi Provinciarum, O.Seeck (ed.), Berlin, 1876


Orosius, Seven Books of History Against the Pagans, trans. by Fear A. T., Liverpool University Press, 2010


Paolo Diacono, Historia Romana, ed. Crivellucci, A., Roma, 1914


Paolo Diacono, Storia dei Longobardi, Milano 1991 (2000)


Paul the Deacon, History of the Langobards, ed. Foulke W.D., Philadelphia, 1907


Rives, J.B. (trans.) Tacitus – Germania, Oxford, 1999


Rowland, J., Early Welsh Saga Poetry, Cambridge, 1990


Savage, A., The Anglo-Saxon chronicles, the authentic voices of England, from the time of Julius Caesar to the coronation of Henri II, London, 2000 (ASC with reference in the text to the consulted manuscripts)


Sidonius Apollinaris, in  J. P. Migne, Patrologiae Cursus Completus, Latin Series, vol. xviii, 1844


Sidonius, Poems and letters, ed. W.B. Anderson, II volumes, Harvard University Press, 1963


Tacitus, Dialogus, Agricola, Germania, eds. Hutton, M., Peterson, W., Ogilvie, R. M., Warmington, E. H., Winterbottom, M., London, 1914


The life of Bishop Wilfrid by Eddius Stephanus, ed. by Colgrave, B., Cambridge, 1927


Thorpe, B. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Rerum Britannicarum Medii Ævi Scriptores, , 2 vols, London, 1861


Trioedd Ynys Prydein/The Welsh Triads, ed. and trans. Bromwich, R., Cardiff, 1978


Whitelock, D., (ed.) English Historical documents, c.500-1042, London & Oxford, 1979


William of Malmesbury’s chronicle of the Kings of England, from the earliest period to the reign of King’s Stephen, London, 1847


William of Poitiers, Gesta Guillelmi, ed. and tr. . Davis R. H. C and Chibnall, M., The Gesta Guillelmi of William of Poitiers, Oxford and New York, 1998


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